Phase Diagrams: Conditions for Equilibrium (CfE)
 Write down the conditions for equilibrium for: a pure single
phase system, a pure multiphase system, and a multiphase
mixture
 Explain how energetic and entropic effects balance at
equilibrium
 Use the Clapeyron equation and/or the ClausiusClapeyron
equation to relate T and P for pure species phase equilibrium
 Use the Antoine equation to relate T and P for pure species
phase equilibrium
 Explain the relationship between the ClausiusClapeyron
equation and the Antoine equation
 Write exact differentials for extensive properties in terms of
m+2 independent variables for mixtures of m species
 Define and explain the difference between the terms: pure
species property, total solution property, and partial molar
property
 Calculate total solution properties from partial molar
properties
 Calculate partial molar properties

 using graphical methods
 using equations of state
 using the GibbsDuhem equation
 Explain the origin of enthalpy, entropy, and volume changes due
to mixing
 Calculate the enthalpy of solution from the enthalpy of mixing
and vice versa
 Explain why the chemical potential is the relevant property for
determining solution equilibrium